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British & the Spanish Civil War: full bibliography

Unpublished memoirs

Albrighton, James. ‘Diaries’. International Brigade Archive, London.
Anon. ‘The Epic of Arganda Bridge’. International Brigade Archive, London.
Cantor, Ralph. ‘Unpublished diary’. Working Class Movement Library, Salford.
Crome, L. ‘General Walter (Karel-Waclaw Swierczewski) 1897–1947’. Courtesy of the author (now published).
Crook, David. ‘Autobiography’. Now available online.
Green, Oliver; Piper, Alec; Aitken, George; Meredith, Bill; Diamant, André; McElroy, James; McAnaw, T. ‘The British Brigade’. Fred Copeman Collection, Imperial War Museum, London.
Griffiths, W.J. Spain. ‘Memoirs of the Spanish Civil War’. Swansea Miners’ Library.
Harrisson, P.D. ‘Interesting Times’. Author’s copy, courtesy of David Leach.
Hearst, Louis. ‘The First Twelve’. Author’s copy, courtesy of David Marshall.
Longstaff, John. ‘Unpublished memoirs’. Author’s copy, courtesy of the family (to be published).
Ludwick, Percy. ‘Notes of a Muscovite’. International Brigade Archive, London.
—— ‘Fortification Work in the XVth International Brigade’. Unpublished, Moscow, 1998; International Brigade Archive, London.
Murphy, Molly. ‘Nurse Molly’. Labour History Archive and Study Centre, Manchester (now published?).
Norman, Joe. [Untitled], International Brigade Archive, London.
Peet, Jon. ‘Nuts and Bolts of Spanish War’. International Brigade Archive, London.
Sexton, Cyril. ‘Memories of the Spanish Civil War’. International Brigade Archive, London.
Steventon, Sydney. ‘Impressions of the Spanish War’. International Brigade Archive, London.
Thompson, W.M. ‘Sojourn in Spain’. International Brigade Archive, London.
Wright, Bill. ‘Spanish Diary’. Author’s copy.

Published primary sources

Anon. NCCL report on Albert Hall meeting. London: NCCL, 22 March 1936.
Anon. They Did NOT Pass: 300,000 Workers say NO to Mosley. London: ILP, 1936.
Anon. In Spain with the International Brigade: A personal narrative. London: Burns, Oates and Washbourne, 1938.
Anon. They Fought in Franco’s Jails. London: CPGB, 1939.
Angus, John. With the International Brigade in Spain. Loughborough: Loughborough University, 1983.
Atholl, Katherine. Searchlight on Spain. London: Penguin, 1938.
Attlee, C.R. As It Happened. London: Heinemann, 1954.
Borkenau, Franz. The Spanish Cockpit. London: Ann Arbor, 1963.
Britten Austin, F. On the Aragon Battlefront. London: Spanish Press, 1938.
Brockway, Fenner. The Truth About Barcelona. London: ILP, 1938.
Buckley, Henry. Life and Death of the Spanish Republic. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1940.
Bury, Henry Saunders. Medicine, Politics and War. New York: Cenda, 1993.
Chalmers-Mitchell, Peter. My House in Malaga. London: Faber and Faber, 1938.
Chambers, Colin and Russell, Sam. I Saw Democracy Murdered. London: Routledge, 2022.
Churchill, Winston. Step by Step 1936–1939. London: Macmillan, 1943.
——. The Second World War. London: Cassell and Co., 1949–1950.
Clark, Bob. No Boots to my Feet: Experiences of a Britisher in Spain 1937–38. Student Bookshops, 1984.
Colman, Jud. Memories of Spain, 1936–1938. Manchester: Privately printed, date unknown [1996?].
Colodny, Robert. The Struggle for Madrid. New York: 1958.
Cooney, Robert. Proud Journey. London: Marx Library, 2015.
Copeman, Fred. Reason in Revolt. London: Blandford Press, 1948.
Cornford, John. Collected Writings. Manchester: Carcanet, 1986.
Coward, Jack. Back from the Dead. Liverpool: Merseyside Writers, date unknown.
Cox, Geoffrey. The Defence of Madrid. London: Gollancz, 1937.
——. Eyewitness: A Memoir of Europe in the 1930s. Dunedin, NZ: University of Otago Press, 1999.
Deegan, Frank. There’s No Other Way. Liverpool: Toulouse Press, 1980.
Delmer, Sefton. Trail Sinister. London: Secker and Warburg, 1961.
Doyle, Bob. Brigadista. Currach Press, 2006.
Eden, Anthony. Facing the Dictators: Memoirs. Part 1. London: Cassell and Co., 1962.
Edmonds, Lloyd. Letters from Spain. ed. Amirah Inglis. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1985.
Elstob, Peter. Spanish Prisoner. London: Macmillan, 1939.
Foote, Alex, Handbook for Spies. New York: Doubleday, 1949..
Fraser, Hamish. The Truth About Spain. Oxford: Catholic Social Guild, 1949.
Fyvel, Penelope. English Penny. Ilfracombe: Arthur Stockwell, 1992.
Gascoyne, David. Journal 1936–1937. London: Enitharmon Press, 1990.
Geiser, Carl. Prisoners of the Good Fight. Connecticut: Lawrence Hill, 1986.
Goodman, David. From the Tees to the Ebro. CPGB, 1986.
Graham, Frank, ed. The Battle of Jarama. Newcastle: Frank Graham, 1987.
——. Battles of Brunete and the Aragon. Newcastle: Frank Graham, 1999.
Green, Nan. A Chronicle of Small Beer. Nottingham: Trent Editions, 2004.
Greene, Herbert. Secret Agent in Spain. London: Robert Hale, 1938.
Greening, Edwin. From Aberdare to Albacete. Pontypool: Warren and Pell, 2006.
Gregory, Walter. The Shallow Grave: A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War. London: Victor Gollancz, 1986.
Guest, Carmel Haden. David Guest: A Scientist Fights for Freedom 1911–1938. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1939.
Gurney, Jason. Crusade in Spain. London: Faber and Faber, 1974.
Haldane, Charlotte. Truth Will Out. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1949.
Hartwell, Herbert & Evelyn. The Long Weekend. Derby: Postmill Press, 1988.
Havard, Morgan. ‘Concentration Camp’, Our Time, 1943.
Heath, Edward. The Course of My Life. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1998.
Hooper, David. No Pasarán! A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War. London: Avon, 1997.
Horne, Harold. All the Trees Were Bread and Cheese. Luton: Owen Hardisty, 1998.
Hyde, Douglas. I Believed. New York: G.P. Putnam’s, 1950.
James, Tommy. ‘Pounded Earth’, in Brian Lewis and Bill Gledhill, A Lion of a Man. Yorkshire Art Circus, 1985, pp. 31–82.
Jirku, Gusti. We Fight Death: The Work of the Medical Service of the International Brigades in Spain. Madrid: date unknown.
Jones, Jack. Union Man. London: Collins, 1986.
Jump, Jimmy. A Fighter Fell in Love. London: Clapton Press, 2022.
Kemp,
Peter. Mine Were of Trouble. London: Cassell, 1957.
——. ‘I Fought for Franco’, in A.J.P. Taylor, ed., History of the Twentieth Century. London: Purnell, 1968, pp. 1604–9.
——. The Thorns of Memory. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1990.
Kisch, Richard. They Shall Not Pass: The Spanish People at War 1936–39. Letchworth: Wayland, 1974.
——. The Days of the Good Soldiers. London: Journeyman, 1985.
Knox, Bernard. Essays Ancient and Modern. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1989.
——. Premature Anti-Fascist. New York University, 1998. Available online.
Kurzke, Jan. The Good Comrade. London: Clapton Press, 2020.
Langdon-Davies, John. Behind The Spanish Barricades. London: Secker and Warburg, 1936.
Lee, Laurie. A Moment of War. London: Viking, 1991.
——. To War In Spain. London: Penguin, 1996.
Lehmann, John, ed. Ralph Fox: A Writer in Arms. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1937.
Levine, Maurice. Cheetham to Cordova: Maurice Levine – A Manchester Man of the Thirties. Manchester: privately published, 1984.
Loveday, Arthur F. World War in Spain. London: John Murray, 1939.
Lunn, Arnold. Spanish Rehearsal for World War: An Eyewitness Account of the Spanish Civil War. London: Hutchinson and Co., 1937.
Macartney, W.F.R. Walls Have Mouths. London: Victor Gollancz, 1936.
MacKee, Seamus. I Was a Franco Soldier. London: United Editorial, 1938.
Magee, Bryan. Clouds of Glory. London: Pimlico, 2004.
Martin, Robert. ‘With the International Brigade’, Workers’ Liberty, November 1995, pp. 28–30.
McNair, John. In Spain Now. London: ILP, 1937.
——. Spanish Diary. Leeds: ILP, 1938.
Monks, J. With the Reds in Andalusia. London: privately printed, 1985.
O’Connor, Peter. Recollections of a Socialist and Anti-Fascist Fighter. Dublin: MSF, 1996.
O’Donnell, Paedar. Salud! An Irishman in Spain. London: Methuen, 1937.
O’Duffy, Eoin. Crusade in Spain. Dublin: Brown and Nolan, 1938.
O’Riordan, Michael. Connolly Column. Dublin: New Books, 1979.
Orwell, George. ‘Eye-witness in Barcelona’, Controversy, August 1937, pp. 85–8.
——. ‘Spilling the Spanish Beans’, New English Weekly, 29 July and 2 September 1937.
——. Homage to Catalonia. London: Secker and Warburg, 1938.
——. The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius. London: Secker and Warburg, 1941.
——. ‘Looking back on the Spanish Civil War’, England Your England and Other Essays. London: Secker and Warburg, 1953, pp. 151–76.
Paynter, Will. My Generation. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1972.
Peet, John. The Long Engagement: Memoirs of a Cold War Legend. London: Fourth Estate, 1989.
Pitcairn, Frank. Reporter in Spain. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1936.
Pollitt, Harry. Spain and the T.U.C. London: CPGB, 1936.
Romilly, Esmond. Boadilla. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1937.
Rust, William. Britons in Spain. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1939.
Ryan, Frank, ed. The Book of the XVth Brigade: Records of British, American, Canadian and Irish Volunteers in the XV International Brigade in Spain 1936–1938. Madrid: War Commissariat, 1938.
Scott-Ellis, Priscilla. The Chances of Death: A Diary of the Spanish Civil War. Norwich: Michael Russell, 1995.
Sloan, Hugh. ‘Why I Volunteered’, Scottish Trade Union Review, 51, July–September 1991, pp. 30–1.
Sommerfield, John. Volunteer in Spain. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1937.
Spender, Stephen. World Within World. London: Readers Union, 1951.
Steer, G.L. The Tree of Gernika. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1938.
Stratton, H. To Anti-Fascism by Taxi. West Glamorgan: Alun Books, 1984.
Thomas, Frank. Brother Against Brother, ed. Robert Stradling. Stroud: Sutton, 1998.
Thomas, Fred. To Tilt at Windmills: A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War. East Lansing: State University of Michigan Press, 1996.
Tinker, F.G. Some Still Live. London: Lovatt Dickson, 1938.
Tomalin, Miles. ‘Memories of the Spanish War’, New Statesman, 31 October 1975, pp. 541–2.
Trench, Chalmers. Nearly Ninety: Reminiscences. Ballivor: Co. Meath, 1996.
Watson, Keith Scott. Single to Spain. London: Arthur Barker, 1937.
Wheeler, George. To Make the People Smile Again, ed. David Leach. Newcastle: Zymurgy, 2003.
Williams, Alun Menai. From the Rhondda to the Ebro. Pontypool: Warren and Pell, 2004.
Wintringham, Tom. English Captain. London: Faber and Faber, 1939.
Worsley, T. C. Behind The Battle. London: Robert Hale, 1939.

Secondary sources

Anon. In Defence of Liberty: Spain 1936–9. International Brigade Memorial. Unknown.
Aldgate, Anthony. Cinema and History: British Newsreels and the Spanish Civil War. London: Scolar Press, 1979.
Alexander, Bill. British Volunteers for Liberty. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1982.
——. ‘George Orwell and Spain’, in Christopher Norris, ed., Inside the Myth. Orwell: Views from the Left. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1984, pp. 85–102.
——. No to Franco: The Struggle Never Stopped, 1939–1975! London: Bill Alexander, 1992.
Alpert, Michael. ‘Humanitarianism and Politics in the British Response to the Spanish Civil War, 1936–39’, European History Quarterly, 14:4, October 1984, pp. 423–39.
——. A New International History of the Spanish Civil War. London: Macmillan, 1994.
Arthur, Max. Forgotten Voices of the Second World War. London: Random House, 2004.
——. The Real Band of Brothers. London: Collins, 2009.
Balfour, Sebastian and Preston, Paul, eds. Spain and the Great Powers in the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge, 1999.
Ball, S. ‘The Politics of Appeasement: The Fall of the Duchess of Atholl and the Kinross and West-Perth By-election, December 1938’, Scottish Historical Review, 187, April 1990, pp. 49–85.
Bandrés, Javier and Llavona, Rafael. ‘Psychology in Franco’s Concentration Camps’, Psychology in Spain, 1:1, 1997, pp. 3–9.
Baxell, Richard. British Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War: The British Battalion in the International Brigades, 1936–1939. London: Routledge/Cañada Blanch Studies on Contemporary Spain, 2004; Pontypool: Warren and Pell, 2007.
——. ‘El Batallón Británico de la XV Brigada Internacional,’ Ayer, 56, 4, 2004, pp. 165-194.
——. ‘Three Months in Spain: the British Battalion at Madrigueras and Jarama’, in Jim Jump, ed., Looking Back at the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 2010, pp. 65-92.
——. ‘Laurie Lee in the International Brigades: Writer or Fighter?’, in Jim Jump, ed., Looking Back at the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 2010, pp. 157-175.
——. Unlikely Warriors. London: Aurum Press, 2012.
——. ‘Myths of the International Brigades,’ Bulletin of Spanish Studies, XCI, 1-2, 2014.
——. ‘Were the “Britons” British?’, in Joshua Newmark, ed. Remembering Spain. London: IBMT/Clapton Press, 2023.
——. Forged in Spain. London: Clapton Press, 2024.
Baxell, Richard, Jackson, Angela & Jump, Jim. Antifascistas. British and Irish Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 2010.
Beckett, Francis. Clem Attlee. London: Richard Cohen, 1997.
——. Enemy Within: The Rise and Fall of the British Communist Party. London: John Murray, 1995.
Beevor, Anthony. The Spanish Civil War. London: Orbis, 1982.
——. The Battle for Spain. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2006.
Bell, Adrian. Only for Three Months. Norwich: Mousehold Press, 1996.
Benewick, R. The Fascist Movement in Britain. London: Penguin, 1972.
Bennett, Richard. ‘Portrait of a Killer’, New Statesman, 24 March 1961, pp. 471–2.
Bolloten, Burnett. The Grand Camouflage: The Communist Conspiracy in the Spanish Civil War. London: Hollis and Carter, 1961.
——. The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counter-Revolution. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991.
Bowker, Gordon. George Orwell. London: Little, Brown, 2003.
Branson, Noreen. History of the Communist Party of Great Britain 1927–1941. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1985.
——. History of the Communist Party of Great Britain 1941–1951. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1997.
Brenan, Gerald. The Spanish Labyrinth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974
Brendon, Piers. The Dark Valley: A Panorama of the 1930s. London: Jonathan Cape, 2000.
Bridgeman, Brian. The Flyers: The Untold Story of British and Commonwealth Airmen in the Spanish Civil War and other Air Wars from 1919 to 1940. Swindon: B. Bridgman, 1989.
Brome, Vincent. The International Brigades: Spain, 1936–1939. London: Heinemann, 1965.
Broué, Pierre and Témime, Emile. The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain. London: Faber and Faber, 1972.
Brown, Robert. ‘The International Brigade Association and Political Prisoners in Franco’s Spain’, Bulletin of the Marx Memorial Library, 136, Autumn 2002, pp. 4–26.
Buchanan, Tom. The British Labour Movement and the Spanish Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
——. ‘Britain’s Popular Front? Aid Spain and the British Labour Movement’, History Workshop Journal, 31, 1991, pp. 60–72.
——. Britain and the Spanish Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
——. ‘The Death of Bob Smillie – a Reply’, The Historical Journal, 43:4, 2000, pp. 1109–11.
—— ‘Holding the Line: The Political Strategy of the International Brigade Association, 1939–1977’, Labour History Review. 66:3, Winter 2001, pp. 294–312.
——. ‘Edge of Darkness: British “Front-line” Diplomacy in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1937’, Contemporary European History, 12, 2003, pp. 279-303.
——. The Impact of the Spanish Civil War on Britain. Brighton: Sussex University Press, 2007.
——. ‘Ideology, Idealism, and Adventure: Narratives of the British Volunteers in the International Brigades’, Labour History Review, 81:2, 2016, pp. 123-140.
Carlton, David. ‘Eden, Blum, and the Origins of Non-Intervention’, Journal of Contemporary History, 6:3, 1971, pp. 40–55.
Carr, E.H. The Comintern and the Spanish Civil War. London: Macmillan, 1984.
Carr, Raymond. Spain 1808–1975. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966.
——. The Spanish Tragedy: The Civil War in Perspective. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1977.
——. Modern Spain 1875–1980. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.
——, ed. The Republic and the Civil War in Spain. London: Macmillan, 1971.
Carroll, Peter N. The Odyssey of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. California: Stanford Press, 1994.
Casanova, Julián. The Spanish Republic and Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Castells, Andreu. Las brigadas internationales de la guerra de España. Barcelona: 1974.
Catterall, Peter and Morris, C.J., eds. Britain and the Threat to Stability in Europe, 1918–47. London: Continuum International, 1993.
Celada, Antonio R. et al. Los internacionales: English-Speaking Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. Barcelona: Warren and Pell, 2009.
Clark, Ronald. J.B.S.: The Life and Work of J.B.S. Haldane. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Cleminson, Richard. ‘Spanish Anti-Fascist “Prisoners of War” in Lancashire, 1944–46’, International Journal of Iberian Studies, 22:3, 2009, pp. 163–83.
Clifford, Alexander. Fighting For Spain. The International Brigades in the Civil War 1936-1939. Yorkshire: Pen & Sword, 2020.
Coker, Christopher. War and the Twentieth Century. London: Brasseys, 1994.
Convery, David. ‘Irish participation in medical aid in Republican Spain, 1936-39’, Saothar, 35, 2010, pp. 37-46.
——. ‘At their most vulnerable: the memory of British and Irish prisoners of war in San Pedro de Cardeña’, in Anindya Raychaudhuri ed., The Spanish Civil War: Exhuming a Buried Past. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2013, pp. 51-63.
——. ‘From Misfit to Anarchist: The impact of the Spanish Civil War on Captain J.R. White’, Saothar, 40, 2015, pp. 45-56.
Coni, Nicholas. Medicine and Warfare: Spain, 1936–1939. London: Routledge, 2008.
Cook, Judith. Apprentices of Freedom. London: Quartet Press, 1979.
Cooper, Mike and Parkes, Ray. We Cannot Park on Both Sides: Reading Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War 1936–39. Reading: Reading International Brigades Memorial Committee, 2000.
Copsey, Nigel. Anti-Fascism in Britain. London: Macmillan, 2000.
Cordery, Bob. La Ultima Cruzada. Leigh on Sea: Partisan Press, 1989.
Corkhill, D. and Rawnsley, S., eds. The Road to Spain: Anti Fascists at War 1936–1939. Fife: Borderline, 1981.
Coverdale, John F. Italian Intervention in the Spanish Civil War. London: Princeton, 1975.
Crick, Bernard. George Orwell: A Life. London: Secker and Warburg, 1980.
Crome, Len. ‘Walter, 1897–1947: A Soldier in Spain’, History Workshop Journal, 9, Spring 1980, pp. 116–28.
Cronin, Seán. Frank Ryan: The Search for the Republic. Dublin: Repsol, 1979.
Crowley, Mike. ‘Rebels Against Rebels’, North West Labour History, 22, 1997–1998, pp. 78–81.
Cullen, Stephen. ‘Political Violence: The Case of the British Union of Fascists’, Journal of Contemporary History, 28, 1993, pp. 245–67.
Cunningham, Valentine, ed. The Penguin Book of Spanish Civil War Verse. London: Penguin, 1980.
——. Spanish Front: Writers on the Civil War. Oxford University Press, 1986.
Darman, Peter. Heroic Voices of the Spanish Civil War. London: New Holland, 2009.
Davies, Graham. You Are Legend: the Welsh Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. Cardiff: Cardiff Academic Press, 2018.
Davison, Peter, ed. Orwell in Spain. London: Penguin, 2001.
Day, Peter. Franco’s Friends. London: Biteback, 2011.
Deacon, David. British News Media and the Spanish Civil War. Edinburgh University Press, 2008.
Derby, Mark, ed. Kiwi Compañeros: New Zealand and the Spanish Civil War. Christchurch: Canterbury University Press, 2009.
Dewar, Hugo. Communist Politics in Britain: The CPGB from its Origins to the Second World War. London: Pluto, 1976.
Dolan, Chris. An Anarchist’s Story: The Life of Ethel Macdonald. Edinburgh: Berlinn, 2009.
Dorril, Stephen. Blackshirt: Sir Oswald Mosley and British Fascism. London: Viking, 2006.
Dowse, R.E. Left in the Centre: The Independent Labour Party, 1893–1940. London: Longmans, 1966.
Dronamraju, Krishna R. Haldane: The Life and Work of J.B.S. Haldane. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1985.
Durgan, Andy. ‘Freedom Fighters or Comintern Army?’ International Socialism Journal, 84, Autumn 1999, pp. 1–16.
——. The Spanish Civil War. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Durham, Matthew. The Charmed Life of Sam Wild. Privately published, 2022.
Eaden, James and Renton, David. The Communist Party of Great Britain since 1920. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002.
Edwards, Jill. The British Government and the Spanish Civil War. London: Macmillan, 1979.
Esdaile, Charles. The Spanish Civil War: A Military History. London: Routledge, 2019.
——. British Battles of the Spanish Civil War. Yorkshire: Pen & Sword, 2023.
Faber, Sebastiaan. Anglo-American Hispanists and the Spanish Civil War. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
Felstead, Richard. No Other Way: Jack Russia and the Spanish Civil War. West Glamorgan: Alun Books, 1981.
Fernbach, David. ‘Tom Wintringham and Socialist Defence Strategy’, History Workshop Journal, 14, Autumn 1982, pp. 63–91.
Fleay, C. and Saunders, M.L. ‘The Labour Spain Committee: Labour Party Policy and the Spanish Civil War’, The Historical Journal, 28:1, 1985, pp. 187–97.
Flint, J. ‘Must God Go Fascist? English Catholic Opinion and the Spanish Civil War’, Church History, 56, 1987, pp. 264–74.
Francis, Hywel. Miners Against Fascism: Wales and the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1984.
——. ‘“Say Nothing and Leave in the Middle of the Night”: The Spanish Civil War Revisited’, History Workshop Journal, 32, Autumn 1991, pp. 69–76.
Fraser, Ronald. Blood of Spain. London: Allen Lane, 1979.
Fyrth, Jim. The Signal Was Spain. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1986.
——. ‘The Aid Spain Movement in Britain 1936–1939’, History Workshop Journal, 35, 1993, pp. 153–64.
Fyrth, Jim and Alexander, Sally. Women’s Voices from the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1991.
Gallagher, Tom. ‘Scottish Catholics and the British Left’, Innes Review, 34:1, 1983, pp. 17–42.
García, Hugo. The Truth About Spain! Mobilising British Public Opinion, 1936–1939. Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press, 2010.
——. ‘Potemkin in Spain? British Unofficial Missions of Investigation to Spain during the Civil War’, European History Quarterly, 42:2, 2010, pp. 217–39.
Gardiner, Juliet. The Thirties: An Intimate History. London: Harper Press, 2010.
Graham, Helen. The Spanish Republic at War, 1936–1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
——. The Spanish Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
—— War and Its Shadow: Spain’s Civil War in Europe’s Long Twentieth Century. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012.
Graham, Helen and Preston, Paul, eds. The Popular Front in Europe. London: Macmillan, 1987.
Gray, Daniel. Homage to Caledonia. Edinburgh: Luath Press, 2008.
Grove, Valerie. Laurie Lee: The Well-Loved Stranger. London: Viking, 1999.
Hall, Christopher. Disciplina Camaradas: Four English Volunteers in Spain 1936–39. Pontefract: Gosling Press, 1994.
——. Revolutionary Warfare: Spain 1936–39. Pontefract: Gosling Press, 1996.
——. Not Just Orwell: The Independent Labour Party Volunteers and the Spanish Civil War. Barcelona: Warren and Pell, 2009.
Hallett, Don. ‘“The Hand that History Dealt”, Ralph Fox 1900–1936’, Transactions of the Halifax Antiquarian Society, 17, 2009, pp. 110–40.
Harrison, Stanley. Good to be Alive: The Story of Jack Brent. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1954.
Heaton, Paul. Spanish Blockade Runners. Abergavenny: Heaton Publishing, 2006.
Henry, Chris. The Ebro 1938: The Death Knell of the Republic. Oxford: Osprey, 1999.
Hills, G. The Battle for Madrid. London: Vantage, 1976.
Hopkins, James K. Into the Heart of the Fire: The British in the Spanish Civil War. California: Stanford, 1998.
Hochschild, Adam. Spain In Our Hearts. London: Macmillan, 2016.
Howson, Gerald. Arms for Spain: The Untold Story of the Spanish Civil War. London: John Murray, 1998.
Hughes, Ben. They Shall Not Pass! The British Battalion at Jarama. Oxford: Osprey, 2011.
Hughes, Matthew. ‘The British Battalion of the International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War’, Military History, April 1998, pp. 59–66.
Hughes, Matthew and Garrido, Enriqueta. ‘Planning and Command: the Spanish Republican Army and the battle of the Ebro, 1938’, International Journal of Iberian Studies,12:2, 1999, pp. 107–15.
Hurst, Steve. Famous Faces of the Spanish Civil War. Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2009.
Inglis, Almirah. Australians in the Spanish Civil War. Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1997.
Ingram, Kevin. Rebel: The Short Life of Esmond Romilly. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1985.
Jackson, Angela. British Women and the Spanish Civil War, 1936–39. London: Routledge, 2002; Barcelona: Warren and Pell, 2009.
——. Beyond the Battlefield: Testimony, Memory and Remembrance of a Cave Hospital in the Spanish Civil War. Pontypool: Warren and Pell, 2005.
——. At the Margins of Mayhem: Prologue and Epilogue to the Last Great Battle of the Spanish Civil War. Pontypool: Warren and Pell, 2008.
——. For Us It Was Heaven: The Passion, Grief and Fortitude of Patience Darton. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press/Cañada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies, 2012.
Jackson, Gabriel, ed. The Spanish Republic and the Civil War 1931–1939. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.
——. Juan Negrín. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press/Cañada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies, 2010.
Johnson, V.B. Legions of Babel: The International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War. London: Pennsylvania University Press, 1967.
Jump, Jim, ed. Looking Back at the Spanish Civil War. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 2010.
Keene, Judith. Fighting for Franco: International Volunteers in Nationalist Spain during the Civil War, 1936–39. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 2001.
Kennedy, Paul. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. London: Fontana, 1989.
Kowalsky, Daniel. La Unión Soviética y la Guerra Civil Española. Barcelona: Critica, 2003.
Klaus, H. Gustav, ed. Strong Words, Brave Deeds: The Poetry, Life and Times of Thomas O’Brien, Volunteer in the Spanish Civil War. Dublin: O’Brien Press, 1994.
Kushner, Tony and Valman, Nadia. Remembering Cable Street: Fascism and Anti-Fascism in British Society. London: Valentine Mitchell, 1999.
——. Fascism in Modern Britain, Stroud: Sutton, 2000.
Lewis, Brian and Gledhill, Bill. A Lion of a Man. Yorkshire Art Circus, 1985.
Lewis, Greg. A Bullet Saved My Life. Pontypool: Warren and Pell, 2006.
Little, Douglas. Malevolent Neutrality: The United States, Great Britain and the Origins of the Spanish Civil War. New York: Ithaca, 1985.
——. ‘Red Scare, 1936: Anti-Bolshevism and the Origins of British Non-Intervention in the Spanish Civil War’, Journal of Contemporary History, 23, 1988, pp. 291–311.
Lloyd, Alan. Hampshire Heroes: Volunteer Fighters in the Spanish Civil War. London: Clapton Press, 2022.
MacDougall, Ian, ed. Voices from the Spanish Civil War: Personal Recollections of Scottish Volunteers in Republican Spain, 1936–1939. Edinburgh: Polygon, 1986.
——. Voices from War: Personal Recollections of War in our Century by Scottish Men and Women. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 1995.
Mackenzie, S.P. ‘The Foreign Enlistment Act and the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939’, Twentieth Century History 10:1, 1999, pp. 52–66.
Macklin, Graham D. ‘Major Hugh Pollard, MI6 and the Spanish Civil War’, The Historical Journal, 49: 1, 2006, pp. 277–280.
Maley, Willy ed. Our Fathers Fought Franco. Luath Press, 2023.
Mangan, Kate. Never More Alive. London: Clapton Press, 2020.
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